Communication can be classified into Three categories. Verbal communication, nonverbal, and written communication. In this article, we are going to discuss nonverbal communication. Non-verbal communication is communicating without using words but using only the body gestures, maintaining proper distance, touch, eye contact etc. Nonverbal communication is a type of communication between people without words and just through sending and receiving information and body gestures.
Non-Verbal Communication Definition
Nonverbal communication is a significant means of communication using facial expressions, body gestures, by maintaining the required distance and the eye contact. Non-verbal communication has three primary areas. They are,
- Behaviour of the Encoder
- Environmental conditions at the time of communication
- Physical features of the communicator
What is the meaning of the nonverbal communication?
Nonverbal communication is communicating using gestures, facial expressions, and body postures without using spoken language. Nonverbal communication includes unspoken comprehensions and presuppositions based on cultural and environmental conditions.
Importance of NonVerbal Communication
Nonverbal communication occupies two-thirds of the entire communication. Body language consists of emotions and unconscious gestures, and physical features. Unfortunately, nonverbal communication may be misinterpreted sometimes. Charles Darwin in his book “The Expression of the Emotion of Man and Animals” clearly stated that all mammals both human and animals exhibited emotions through facial expressions.
How Much Communication is NonVerbal?
The critical fact is that the most of the communication is nonverbal. The specific measurement of the percentage of nonverbal communication is not possible. Nonverbal communication is the most crucial means of communication. The percentage of nonverbal communication depends on both the individual and the situation. But most researchers say that two-thirds of the conversation is nonverbal.
Types of Non-Verbal Communication
Gestures may be given with the body, arms, head, eyes, and face. Facial expressions are used to convey the feelings and emotions. Facial expressions can be expressed with the control over face muscles. Having complete control over the facial muscles and expressing various expressions with contraction and relaxation of the facial muscles is a successful nonverbal communication. Contraction of muscles indicates expression of anger, anxiety, tension etc. These emotions are called negative emotions. Relaxation of muscles is used to express positive emotion like happiness, smile, etc. Gestures may be divided into three types.
- Conversation Gestures: Conversational gestures are the movements of the hand to give extra nonverbal support to verbal speech.
- Symbolic Gestures: Symbolic gestures symbolize some expressions like Thumbs – up, bye- bye, O.K etc. These symbolic gestures differ amongst cultures.
- Adapters: Adapters are a kind of hand movements to express emotional feelings with the use of actions like scratching, rubbing, tapping etc.
Eye Contact is one the significant means of nonverbal communication. Eye contact is a fundamental nonverbal communication activity to indicate feelings of attention, involvement, interest etc. We can express our interest or disinterest in a person or a topic of discussion by dilating the pupil or by avoiding eye contact. Avoidance of eye contact may indicate deception or disinterest. maintaining eye contact suggests confidence. The intimacy levels between people are directly proportional to the length of the time of their eye contact.
Kinesics – What is Kinesics?
Kinesics is the science or study of the movements of the body parts like face, the posture of the body, body movements and eye contact. Raj Birdwhistell first coined the Term Kinesics in the year 1952. Nonverbal communication is possible with the efficient use of facial expression and eye movements. Eye contact is used to convey many expressions nonverbally. Nonverbal communication is made efficiently with particular body postures. We can assess the feeling and emotions of a person by studying the body movements.
Proxemics – What is Proxemics?
Proxemics is the study of spatial distances to be maintained between individuals during the interaction. People should maintain distance demanded by a particular situation. Depending on the situation and the people we have four distance ranges.
- Social Distance: Social distance should be maintained in workplaces and public places where physical contact is not expected. This gap must be between 4 and 12 feet.
- Public Distance: We should maintain an approximate length of 12 to 25 feet based on the situation when we speak to the strangers.
- Personal Distance: Personal distance is the distance between the people who are personally related. We have to maintain a range of 1.5 feet to 4 feet when we speak to people who are personally connected.
- Intimate Distance: 1 – 2 cm distance is used between people who are intimately related. Example: when embracing, touching, kissing etc.
Touch – What is haptics?
Haptics is the study of nonverbal communication through Touch. Touch communication includes shaking hands, kissing, patting on a shoulder, back slapping etc. Touch is the most received means of nonverbal communication.Touch plays a crucial role in the exchanging feelings in physical intimacy. Nonverbal communication through touch is treated with different notions from country to country. Physical touch movements like pinching, pulling, pushing, kicking are indicators of physical abuse.
Body posture in nonverbal communication plays a vital role. Body postures like arm crossing, touching, legs spread, forwarded shoulders indicate a variety of expressions. Example forward lean is a positive signal. Postures depend upon situations.
Non-Verbal Communication helps us –
- To convey information about emotional status.
- To Control the flow of communication.
- To Modify what is conveyed verbally.
Conclusion for the Post – Non-Verbal Communication
Nonverbal communication is extremely complicated but a whole part of communication skills. Basic understanding of procedures can help improve interaction with others. This articles – Nonverbal Communication – helps the readers practice and cultivate useful nonverbal communications skills and make their careers and life more successful. Please share this article with your family and friends as sharing is caring.